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Prove There is a God

There is an age-old tension that exists between those that believe in a divine God and those that do not. While the vast majority of society throughout history and up to today had agreed that a god or gods do exist, the tension still remains. Both sides of the debate ask the same question, how to “prove it!”
  • Prove there is a God!" comes from the side that wants undeniable proof that a god exists and that only a fool would believe otherwise. Without such evidence, they stand by the idea that a God, therefore, does not exist.
  • Prove there is no God!” comes from the side that believes in a God, and sees no reason why this belief is false. In fact, they call those who do not believe to bring forward undeniable evidence that god does not exist. Without evidence to disprove god unequivocally, they stand by the idea that a god, therefore, does exist.

Is there undeniable evidence?

If there was undeniable evidence either for or against god, then everyone would believe one way or the other. In reality, people are split between atheism (belief in no divine power), agnosticism (neither believing nor denying the existence of a God) and those of faith (belief in God). Even those who do believe are divided themselves about the nature of God (hence the world religions like Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity).

If you can’t prove God, what next?

Just because you can’t prove God, is not to say there aren’t some strong arguments as to the plausibility of his existence. So for those who have high expectations of Christian evidences, you may be disappointed. If you have always believed in god, you might even be worried.

Not to worry, it’s actually better that way. If God was visible, if we could literally see him every moment of our lives, how could we say “no” to him? Faith wouldn’t be faith; it would be sight (see 2 Corinthians 5:7). To cultivate a genuine relationship with God requires, as in human relationships, a certain emotional space between the parties.

No one can prove scientifically that God exists, because he isn’t a physical being. Now this isn’t a cop-out (“How convenient that your alleged ‘God’ has never been sighted!”). There are many real, scientifically observable things that cannot be detected with the eye, such as sound waves, protons, gravity and magnetism. We understand them by their properties and effects.

Since science can only explore the empirical, what can be measured through instruments, the lack of such evidence isn’t a logical reason to reject God’s existence. Such an argument from silence bears no weight, logically speaking. “Absence of evidence isn’t evidence of absence.”

Time to think

In this course, you will be exposed to ideas that are complex and some that you may disagree with. At the end of the day, we must make our own choices. If you have already decided what you believe and are not open to persuasion, then it will be of no benefit to look at the evidence (since you will find a problem with even reasonable points). If you are open to learning and believe that your views may evolve with new knowledge, then this course will be of value to you.

The material in this course comes as a product of years of study and the sources of hundreds of books (there is a list of additional resources at the end of the course). Many of the ideas in this course are not new, you may just not have heard them yet. 

What other things do we accept even though they cannot be empirically proven?

Many things cannot be empirically proven, yet are real nevertheless: logic, numbers, justice, love, beauty, and science itself:

  • The axioms of logic, as of geometry, must be assumed. They cannot be proven. Using logic to prove logic would be circular.
  • Numbers, whether integers (1, 2, 3) or fractions (1/2, 1/5) or those special numbers like pi (π), are well known to all of us. Mathematics is the "language" of physics (formulas, ratios, coefficients etc.) where numbers make up the "words." Yet, though useful to scientists, the actual existence of numbers cannot be proven. This must be assumed.
  • Justice and love are real and all of us demand or seek them, yet they cannot be quantified. Whoever heard of 2kg of justice, or 12ml of love?
  • Beauty, whether artistic (a painting) or acoustic (a song), speaks powerfully to us all. Even though we cannot always define beauty, the attempt tends to be clunky, and fails to grasp beauty’s essence. Yet beauty is most definitely something we experience as real.

In summary, if we reject the existence of what cannot be proved scientifically, we end up denying half of all reality such as beauty, logic, the spiritual world, and much more, including science itself! Fortunately (as we will see later in this course), there are strong reasons for believing in God. This isn’t, however, the same as a rigorous scientific proof.